An industrial town located in the valley of the Mandava River at the foot of the Lusatian Mountains and neighbouring on Germany on three sides. Several villages were merged in 1849 to form Varnsdorf, the largest Austro-Hungarian village of its time. Varnsdorf was promoted to town in 1868. The traditional crafts included flax processing which developed in the 19th century from manufactories into serial production factories.
Having obtained the status of town as late as the 19th century, Varnsdorf has no historical centre. The most important architectural monuments is the Baroque SS Peter and Paul Church built in the 1770s. Other monuments include the New-Romanesque Old Catholic Church originating in the 1870s, the New-Gothic St. Charles Borromeo Church, whose tower was left uncompleted, and the unique New-Gothic protestant church built of glazed brick (both churches were built in the early 1920s). The 29 metres tall lookout tower of Hrádek is the landmark of the town. A number of vernacular structures have been preserved by the Mandava River. The former textile factory of Frölich & Son (now Velveta) from the mid-19th century decorated with Classicistic motifs is a listed technical monument. The town offers a museum, whose exhibitions focus on regional history (in this time closed).
- Towns and villages